Oil & Energy

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The Drill Down is the Utah Division of Oil, Gas and Mining's (OGM) quarterly newsletter. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Statistics, March 29, 2016. < www.eia.gov > [504] Calculated with data from the report: “March 2016 Monthly Energy Review.” U. That's why oil companies (and Canada) want to build the Keystone XL pipeline — to bring that tar sands oil down to refineries in Texas. However, research is underway on producing renewable fuels from decarboxylation [117] In 2010, worldwide biofuel production reached 105 billion liters (28 billion gallons US), up 17% from 2009, [118] and biofuels provided 2.7% of the world's fuels for road transport, a contribution largely made up of ethanol and biodiesel.[ citation needed ] Global ethanol fuel production reached 86 billion liters (23 billion gallons US) in 2010, with the United States and Brazil as the world's top producers, accounting together for 90% of global production.

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Photograph of a Mod-2 wind turbine. "From the mid 1970's through the mid 1980's the United States government worked with industry to advance the technology and enable large commercial wind turbines. With an active drilling programme oil production was initially maintained around 10,000 stb/d, but in the early ‘90s oil production declined steadily, while at the same time gas and water production increased. Wind is a native fuel that does not need to be mined or transported, taking two expensive costs out of long-term energy expenses. · Price Stability: The price of electricity from fossil fuels and nuclear power can fluctuate greatly due to highly variable mining and transportation costs.

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Wheeling and banking allows private industries to either “wheel” the energy produced by clean technologies for their own use at any point on the grid or “bank” the surplus for later use. Electricity grids are the networks used to transmit and distribute power from production source to end user, when the two may be hundreds of kilometres away. Energy Information Administration, April 2013. < www.eia.gov > Although coal is expected to continue its important role in U.

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Geothermal power plants further limit air pollution through the use of scrubber systems that remove hydrogen sulfide. The steam turbine then drives the electrical generator. Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration. Another downside of nuclear energy is that it can be used to make nuclear bomb. The water is then refortified with oxygen and baking soda and sent back to the ore zone to recover more uranium. With the bid, Peabody controls 2.9 billion tons of Powder River Basin coal reserves. [71] In August 2011 Peabody announced that they had signed a six-year deal with Ameren to supply 91 million tons of low sulfur coal for use in "multiple electricity generating plants in Missouri" through to 2017. [72] In October 2006, Peabody completed an acquisition of Excel Coal Limited, an independent coal company in Australia.

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Middle Eastern countries particularly Iran and Iraq hold high reserves of natural gas. Includes 0.2 quadrillion Btu of electricity net imports not shown under “Source.” Notes: Primary energy in the form that it is first accounted for in a statistical energy balance, before any transformation to secondary or tertiary forms of energy (for example, coal is used to generate electricity). [416] Booklet: Energy, Powering Your World. Mirror Legislation – Existing federal acts and regulations have been "mirrored" into territorial acts and regulations effective April 1, 2003.

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Also, with the development taking place in the economies such as India and China, the demand for energy will rise, thereby, increasing the price of energy and its resources. Offshore support vessels, ferries, and passenger vessels are increasingly preferring the use of LNG as a bunker fuel on account of strict sulfur emission standards enforced in ECAs. According to a 2010 article in Vanity Fair, "as use of the technique (fracking) has spread, it has been followed by incidents of water contamination and environmental degradation, and even devastating health problems." [66] And according to data released to the EPA, Halliburton, a major supplier of fracking fluid, admitted using 807,000 gallons of diesel-based chemicals in its fluids, in violation of an agreement drillers had with the EPA. [67] Consol is involved in the following front groups, who donate to pro-fracking candidates and lobbyists: Marcellus Shale Coalition, [68] Energy In Depth, [69] Nicholas DeIuliis of CNX is on the Board of Directors for the Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA), [70] Gary Slagel, a Chairman for CNX Gas is on the Executive Committee for The Pennsylvania Independent Oil and Gas Association (PIOGA), [71] Gary Slagel and VP of Legal Kevin West are both on the Board of Directors for the West Virginia Oil and Natural Gas Association [72] and the Independent Oil and Gas Association of West Virginia. [73]

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Fletcher Challenge Energy later purchased this entity from the government. Analysis shows that the development and deployment of cost effective new technologies to enable significant reductions in the life-cycle embodied energy and carbon emissions for materials production in the US economy relative to the use of primary feedstocks could offer energy savings on the order of 1.6 quadrillion BTU (quads) annually across four classes of waste materials - metals, fibers, polymers, and e-waste.

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There is also significant dispatch-level competition in determining how intensively to operate existing coal-fired power plants versus new and existing natural gas-fired plants. He did not, however, cite any technical concerns or safety issues related to the Yucca Mountain repository. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices. … If looking for new household products, look for ones that have earned the ENERGY STAR.

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Throughout the 19th century the use of natural gas remained localized because there was no way to transport large quantities of gas over long distances. As noted above, the levelized cost calculations presented in the tables apply only to utility-scale use of those technologies.” [205] Workshop Discussion Paper: “Assessing the Economic Value of New Utility-Scale Electricity Generation Projects.” U. Below is the link to view the presentation: DE-FOA-0001411: Notice of Intent to Issue Funding Opportunity Announcement “Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Research, Development, and Demonstrations” (No.

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They were then leased, possibly back to the same subsidiary. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. EPA issued guidance on water quality standards from surface coal mining in the Appalachian Region. The last year for which I have fully calculated numbers was 2008. The steam turbine then drives the electrical generator. … The heat released by nuclear reactions can be used in the same way. [579] Report: “Annual Energy Review 2011.” U. These records must be monitored at least once in the first year and every time changes are made to fluid.