By Jennifer K. Sesabo

The Tanzanian coastal components are socially, nutritionally, economically and environmentally vital, but they're at risk of either over-exploitation and degradation in their habitats. This e-book demonstrates the level which a number of socio-economic dimensions of rural coastal families effect livelihood pathways, construction potency and attitudes in the direction of conservation projects.

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Hand-line fishing is the most preferred method in terms of number of fishermen engaged in its use. This method targets relatively highly priced reef fish and the fishing costs are very low. Small meshed nets (5-10 cm) consist of a bottom and a floating gillnets used around coral reefs and estuaries. Gillnets (Jarife) with mesh size of 15-20 cm are used as drift or floating gillnets to catch sharks. This type of gear was commonly used by most of households engaged in fishing (see Figure 10). Figure 8: Types of Boats Used by Fishing Households in the Study Area 26 Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview Figure 9: Ownership of Fishing Boats in Study Area Figure 10: Types of Gears Used by Fishing Households in the Study Area Social capital in terms of social networks and organization describe how households actively take part in group activities or associations in a society.

Recent findings from studies among rural households are of particular relevance to understanding household behavior. , 2004). As a result, any initiatives geared towards improving conservation-development policies for coastal rural households must be based on the informed understanding of coastal rural households’ behavior. Also, it should enable government and non-governmental organization to identify more effective approach, which leads to a win- winoutcome. 2 Conceptual Framework 33 This study based on the concepts developed, which link assets and activity choice in order to shed light on activities participation decisions of coastal rural households in Tanzania using a case study of two villages as illustration.

18 19 This value excludes the value of land owned by the household. In Tanzanian coastal areas, fishing assets such as boats act as an indicator of social status where households with fishing boats provide sharing and renting services to those who do not own boat. 90 % NA a Take into account only for the household participating in fishing. To capture the social variable, two dummy variables were used. The first variable reflects whether a household had a member who was involved in any association or informal greoup activities (PARTIC).

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