By Bimal Krishna Matilal

During this publication, Matilal demonstrates how the paintings of classical Indian philosophers can tell the examine of the philosophy of language. He presents no longer easily an exposition, but in addition an research of classical theories, permitting the texts to talk for themselves. particular issues contain sphota idea, the notice as a unit of sentence, the matter of translation, and an elaboration of Bhatrhari's view of cognition.

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Extra info for The Word and the World: India's Contribution to the Study of Language

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Hence a karmapravacantya is actually a dummy for a full-fledged pre-verb plus a verb in combination. Such verbs were mainly 'relational' verbs, and a karma-pravacantya in this way is said to specify or qualify the relation expressed by the absent verb. In the sentence 'He was granted a boon after prayers' the Sanskrit word anu would be used for 'after' and it would not simply indicate the temporal relation of posterity between prayers and granting a boon, but would specifically signify 'after having heard (the prayer)'.

In poetry or literature there may be wellentrenched and well-practised ways of suggesting beauty, charm, and aesthetic rapture through the use of particular words and devices. This however can hardly be a proof for the existence of an ontological property in words called 'the suggestive power'. ) The power to denote or mean (the primary meaning) as well as to indicate or signify (the metaphorical or non-primary meaning) is however a different kettle offish. Both are, let us say, designatory powers, without which the meaning of a sentence would not be comprehended.

Words may be suggestive because people are suggestible. But it may become a very subjective factor as each hearer might have the propensity to be suggestible in different ways. Hence an account of this power of suggestion can be given in terms of inference 24 THE W O R D AND THE W O R L D (by the hearer), without attributing a separate 'power' or dispositionality to the word itself. In poetry or literature there may be wellentrenched and well-practised ways of suggesting beauty, charm, and aesthetic rapture through the use of particular words and devices.

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